Four Power Agreement Berlin Summary

9 Dub , 2021 Nezařazené

The section had the effect of restricting the sovereignty of the GDR over access routes. The Communists of East Germany received however for the first time Western recognition in the pact of the four powers: the name of their state, the German Democratic Republic, appeared seven times in the document. Concerned about the speed of negotiations, Minister Rogers Rush`s ambassador (and Henry Kissinger) announced that „no agreement on an ad referendum should be reached at this stage.“ The ambassadors spent five minutes scratching their signatures on the four official leather texts – each of them signed and paraphrased the contract and its annexes about five times. The connection of the American text was blue and gold, that of Soviet purple, British red and French gold-red. The Nixon administration considered that the resolution of concrete issues that divide Europe was the priority of a successful foreign policy of détente – the easing of hostility or tensions between countries through negotiation rather than confrontation. One of these topics focused on 20 years of disagreement over the ideal solution for Berlin. The ideal solution for the Berlin question was reunification, but in the face of tensions between all those responsible, it was simply not possible. – The three Western allies authorized the establishment of a Soviet Consulate General and additional Soviet trade offices in Western sectors accredited to the competent authorities of the three Western powers. It does not imply any change in Berlin`s status; Soviet presence in Western sectors will continue to be subject to Allied authority. The second part of the agreement also obliges Western allies to prevent the West German government from carrying out „constitutional or official acts“ in West Berlin, as it did again in 1969 with the election of President Gustav Heinemann in the city.

This obligation was defined in Schedule II in the form of a „communication“ of Western allies with the Russians. Once this is done, a final agreement of four powers will be signed. The foreign ministers of the four nations that conquered Hitler`s Germany 26 years ago are expected to sign it by the end of the year. (2) The four governments agree, given their obligations under the Charter of the United Nations, that there is no use of force or threat of violence in the region and that disputes are resolved only through peaceful means. But the four-party agreement, as it is called in English when implemented, will go very far towards elimination. The East-West disputes arising from these differences of opinion on the status of the city. After the agreement came into force, the Soviet Union used this vague formulation to ease West Berlin`s relations with the Federal Republic of Germany. However, the agreement has contributed significantly both to the reduction of tensions between East and West via Berlin and to the expansion of contacts between the two sides of Germany.

It thus made an important contribution to the process that led to the reunification of Germany in 1990. (4) The four governments agree that, regardless of legal differences of opinion, the situation that has developed in this region and as defined in this agreement and in the other agreements covered in this agreement will not be changed unilaterally.“ The first part of the agreement obliges the four powers to „promote the elimination of tensions and the prevention of complications in the area in question.“ It cites the UN Charter as a guideline for banning the „employment or threat of violence“ in the Berlin edition and calls for nothing to be „unilaterally changed“. The document is an updated assessment of German reunification by the Austrian Foreign Ministry. The evaluation begins with three areas: the integration of economic and monetary systems, unification within the current legal framework and the reduction of emigration from the GDR after the 1990 elections.


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